The United States Navy is surveying enlisted women and trying to gauge those women interested in volunteering for submarine force duty. Responses to an anonymous online survey, open to active duty and reserve Navy servicewomen, will be used by a 60-person Navy task force, headed by Rear Admiral Kenneth Perry, Commander, Submarine Group Two, in Groton, Conn.
The Navy is seeking input from professional women sailors throughout the Navy, even if they aren't interested in serving abroad in submarines. Responses to the survey questions will help shape future Navy policy and are key to getting the integration right. The ability to attract, recruit and retain quality female sailors is essential to the success of integration, while being a big challenge.
In 2011, the Navy began integrating women into the submarine force's officer ranks. Today more than 40 women serve as engineers and supply officers aboard the fleet's Ohio class ballistic missile and guided missile submarines. In addition, the Navy opened more than 250 coastal riverine force jobs for women last month
Leaders from each service branch and U.S. Special Operations Command laid out roadmaps last summer to begin moving female troops toward combat front lines. The process will proceed deliberately over the course of years and be accompanied by a host of studies.
Despite criticism, each service has had success stories following the defense secretary's rescission of the 1994 Direct Ground Combat Definition and Assignment rule last year.
The Marines have opened more than 20 artillery, tank and engineer battalions to female officers and placed senior enlisted women into previously closed jobs as mentors for female Marines who might be assigned there in the future. Additionally, the Corps said last month it plans to stand up a year long, 460-person experimental task force, comprised of both men and women volunteers, in primarily ground combat-arms specialties to train and operate out of Camp Lejeune, NC, this summer.